What is HIV/AIDS?
HIV human immunodeficiency virus /AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome . The virus can be transmitted through contact with infected blood, semen, or vaginal fluids. Within a few weeks up-to 2 months of HIV infection, theses early signs and symptoms may appear. Flu-like symptoms (Seroconversion period). Many people will have flu-like symptoms which is your body’s immune system natural response to the virus. Your viral count is very high and it is very important that you get tested to make sure you have or do not have HIV during this time. Fever that is often may include sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes (glands). At this time the virus is in the blood stream and starting to replicate in large numbers. During this time, your immune system will induce an inflammatory reaction. Fatigue and head ache. The inflammatory response symptoms can cause you to feel tired, lethargic, and winded. Fatigue are symptoms of early and late stages of HIV. Swollen lymph nodes (glands), joint pain, and achy muscles. Lymph nodes are major sites of B and T lymphocytes, and other white blood cells. Lymph nodes are important for the proper functioning of the immune system, acting as filters for foreign particles and diseased cells. They are located in your neck, armpits, and groin. They are part of your immune system protecting your blood by getting rid of viruses and bacteria. During an infection they may get inflamed which can result in aches and pains in the lymph node areas. Rashes and Seborrheic Dermatitis. During the early or late stages of HIV seroconversion rashes may appear similar to boils with itchy pink breakouts. Sore throat and dry cough. A sever dry cough that does not go away even with antibiotics and inhalers is a sign that you may have HIV. Nausea, Vomiting and Diarrhea. Appear during early and late stages of HIV because of the result of an opportunistic infection. Diarrhea that is not responding to typical medicine might be an indication that you may have HIV. Night Sweats. Common during early and late stages of HIV infection. They are not related to the temperature of the room or your activity. HIV is usually asymptomatic until it progresses to AIDS. AIDS symptoms include weight loss, fever or night sweats, fatigue, and recurrent infections.
If you have been exposed to HIV, have had sex regardless of whether you have or don not have symptoms of HIV, it is important to get tested as soon as possible to ensure a proper diagnosis.
How it spreads
By blood products (unclean needles or unscreened blood).
By mother to baby by pregnancy, labor, or nursing.
By having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
No cure exists for AIDS, but strict adherence to anti-retroviral regimens (ARVs) can dramatically slow the disease’s progress as well as prevent secondary infections and complications.